Mountbatten and Nehru airlifted Indian troops into Srinagar, and the tribesmen were forced to fall back to a line that has, since early 1949, partitioned Kashmir into Pakistan-administered Azad Kashmir (the western portion of Kashmir) and the Northern Areas (the northern portion of Kashmir, also administered by Pakistan) and India’s state of Jammu and Kashmir, which includes the Vale of Kashmir and Laddakh. Nehru initially agreed to Mountbatten’s proposal that a plebiscite be held in the entire state as soon as hostilities
ceased, and a UN-sponsored cease-fire was agreed to by both parties on January 1, 1949. No statewide plebiscite was held, however, for in 1954, after Pakistan began to receive arms from the United States, Nehru withdrew his support. When British came in India, Mughals were ruling the country that in fact united the country because India had cast system and before Mughals arrived India had been ruled by several forces. For example, Nandas, Mauryan, Mysore (Karnataka) Indo-Greeks, Shunga, Satavahana , Shaka , Kushan , Pallava, Chalukya, Gurjara-Pratihara (I), Chalukya, Pala, Rashtrakuta, Chola, Chandela, Cauhan, Paramara, Chalukya, Hoysala, Yadava, Pandya. These troops controlled different parts of the county and had no unified force or government.